USS Archer-Fish War Patrol #5
30 October to 15 December 1944
Report and Endorsements

(UNCLASSIFIED)

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Patrol Report

Endorsements

Sailing List - Patrol #5


Patrol Report of U.S.S. ARCHER-FISH (SS-311)

 

SS311/A16-3                                                                   U.S.S. ARCHER-FISH (SS-311)

                                                                                         Care of Fleet Post Office

Serial ( 0l3-44 )                                                                 San Francisco, Calif.


C O N F I D E N T I A L


                                                                                                                            15 December, 1941.


From :             The Commanding Officer.

To :                 The Commander-in-Chief, United States Fleet.

Via :                (1) The Commander Submarine Division 102.

                       (2) The Commander Submarine Squadron 10.

                       (3) The Commander Submarine Force, Pacific Fleet.

                       (4) The Commander-in-Chief, Pacific Fleet.

Subject :          U.S.S. ARCHER-FISH - Report of Fifth War Patrol.

Enclosure :       (A) Subject report.

                        (B) Track chart to Comsubpac only.


            1.        Enclosure (A), covering the fifth war patrol of this vessel conducted in waters of the
Japanese Empire south of Honshu during the period from 30 October, 1944 to 15 December, 1944, is
forwarded herewith.




                                                                                                            J.F. ENRIGHT.

(enclosure)

 

 

SS311/A16

Serial (013-44)


CONFIDENTIAL

Subject:           U.S.S. Archer-Fish (SS-311) - Report of Fifth War Patrol

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


                        Prologue:

September 29, 1944    Arrived Pearl Harbor completing 4th War Patrol. Assigned to Squadron Four for administration and Division Forty-Two for refit.

                                    Commander J.F. Enright relieved Commander H.W. Wright as C.O


October 14, 1944        Refit completed and the regular crew moved back aboard. The following items were accomplished:

                                        •Installation of Gould Trim Pump.
                                        •Slotted reflector for S.J.
                                        •Installation of Mk 8 TBTs (binoculars not available)
                                        •Installation of SPA radar detector.
                                        •Training Officer was Commander W.H. Brockman. An eight day
                                          training period was conducted including a convoy exercise.


                        Narrative:

October 30, 1944 

1330 (VW)      Departed Submarine Base for patrol in accordance with Comsubpac secret operation order 364-44 as modified by Comsubpac mailgram 302125

1700 (VW)      Trim dive.

1710                Surfaced.

1900                Released escort, PC 580, and increased speed to 18 knots.

2217 (VW)      SJ radar interference bearing 240 T. Probably Snapper.


October 31, 1944

0525 (X)         Trim dive.

0540 (X)         Surfaced.

0735 (X)         SJ radar interference.

0740 (X)         Sighted friendly sub bearing 327 T. Probably Sea Horse.

1635 (X)         Sighted and exchanged calls with Skate.


November 1, 1944

0605 (X)         Trim diva.

0617 (X)         Surfaced.

1630 (X)         Sighted small sled target fired one magazine of 20 mm.


November 2, 1944

0718 (Y)         Received despatch from Comsubpac stating that special mission had been delayed and maximum speed longer required. Slowed to 3 engine speed.

1012 (Y)         Training dive.

1034 (Y)         Surfaced.

1230 (Y)         Crossed dateline. Changed date to November 3, 1944.


November 3, 1944

1455 (M)        Training dive.

1513 (M)        Surfaced.


November 4, 1944

1035 (M)        Training dive.

1304 (M)        Surfaced.


November 5, 1944

0630 (M)        Training dive.

0648 (M)        Surfaced..

1442 (L)          Training dive.

1454 (L)          Surfaced.

1615 (L)          Sighted and exchanged calls with Drum.


November 6, 1944

0550 (L)          Training dive.

0612 (L)          Surfaced.

1006 (L)          Training dive.

1123 (L)          Surfaced.


November 7, 1944

0300 (L)          SJ radar interference.

0630 (L)          Sighted and exchanged calls with Pampanito, Fell in with “Fennomints”.

0930 (L)          Training dive.

0935 (L)          Surfaced.

0937 (L)          Training dive.

0955 (L)          Surfaced.


November 8, 1944

0850 (K)         Pampanito submerged.

0851 (K)         Sighted plane coming in. Dived.

0921(K)          Surfaced.

1355 (K)         Sighted plane.

1356 (K)         Plane on SD and SJ - IFF response a PBM that did not approach closer than 8 miles.


November 9, 1944

0320 (K)         SJ contact and interference - 7500 yards. Later found to be Cod.

0625 (K)         Sighted escort.

1241 (K)         Pilot boarded.

1305 (K)         Entered channel at Saipan.

1334 (K)         Moored in nest alongside Fulton.

                        Change time to -9 all following times are Item.


                        Started voyage repairs. These included:

                                •Flooded cable to after TBT.

        •Replacing valve disc on stem of ice machine circulating water discharge valve.

                                •Patching corroded muffler.

                                •Cycling #2 periscope.


November 10, 1944    Voyage repairs continuing.

The officers were given a ride around the island which was most interesting and appreciated.

                        The men went ashore in walking parties under officer supervision to lessen the danger of booby traps                         which were still around. Four men who inadvertently became separated from the rest started through a                         cane field. When one of the men heard rustling where his friends were not, he called “Halt” in his best                         Marine voice. With that 3 Jap soldiers jumped and ran leaving a loaded rifle, bayonet, medical kit, K                         rations, etc. as souvenirs. It is very fortunate that we don't have four casualties.


November 11, 1944

1339                Underway in company with the “Fennomints” plus Scabbardfish. Escort departed at dark.


November 12, 1944

2000                Departed company with “Fennomints”.

2130                SJ contact 8700 yards. Probably Cero.


November 13, 1944

0505                Trim dive.

0545                Surfaced.

1054                SD contact. 8 miles. Closing. Submerged. Aircraft Contact #1.

1122                Surfaced.


November 14, 1944

0543                Trim dive.

0555                Surfaced.

2200                Received message to take life guard station in Hit Parade area.


November 15, 1944

0540                Trim dive.

0608                Surfaced.

1001                Sighted submarine on surface.

1015                Made quick dive, closing.

1044                Identified sub as friendly. Fired 2 smoke bombs, turned away and surfaced. With one of us using a Aldis lamp instead of a searchlight, and the other using a 24 hour old challenge, managed to exchange call with Trigger, part of Burt’s Brooms.

1519                Training dive.

1543                Surfaced.

1720                Sighted sub on surface bearing 270 T. - Probably another Broom.


November 16, 1944

0546                Made dive in area 5.

1708                Surfaced - SJ out of commission. No stars.


November 17, 1944

0013                SJ back in commission. Raid for today delayed.

0601                Quick dive.

1710                Surfaced.

2117                SJ contact 10,000 yards. This contact was soon lost and from size of pip, course and speed, was probably a small escort going to Hachijo Shima. Ship Contact #1.

2303                SJ contact 7500 yards.

                        Another single pip and probably a patrol boat. Avoided. Ship Contact #2.


November 18, 1944     No plane guard duties today.

0547                Quick dive.

1714                Surfaced.


November 19, 1944

0540                Quick dive.

1138                Surfaced on lifeguard station. Excellent visibility and no clouds.


1200                Sighted plane on easterly course along coast probably transport. Not sighted.

                        Aircraft Contact #2.

1235                Sighted another plane on same run as first. Probably Nagoya-Tokyo.

                        Aircraft Contact #3.

1313                Received message that raid was delayed.

1314                Dived.

1723                Surfaced.


November 20, 1944

0546                Quick dive.

1148                Surfaced on lifeguard station.

1154                Sighted 4 large bombers on southerly course - Not sighted. Aircraft Contact #4.

1503                Nothing on Aircraft frequencies. Decided raid again postponed. Submerged.

1721                Surfaced.


November 21, 1944

0550                Quick dive.

1145                Surfaced on lifeguard station.

1200                Sighted single engine land plane closing from 6 miles. Aircraft Contact #5

1220                Sighted 3 large bombers heading south again. Aircraft Contact #6.

1254                Surfaced.

1310                Notified no raid today.

1313                Submerged.

1715                Surfaced.


November 22, 1944

0540                Quick dive.

1110                Surfaced on lifeguard station for recco plane.

1217                Submarged.

1723                Surfaced.


November 23, 1944

0545                Quick dive.

1112                Surfaced on life guard station for recco plane.

1245                Submerged.

1723                Surfaced.

1900                Received message to work area until notified raid is on.


November 24, 1944

0545                Made quick dive on sea route between Ire Saki and Shioni Misaki.

1722                Surfaced.

1945                Patrolling during night along line between Ir0 Saki and Shino Misaki.


November 25, 1944

0553                Quick dive.

1708                Surfaced.


November 26, 1944

0554                Quick dive.

1125                Sighted mast on harizon. Headed toward.

1145                Three sets of masts. Ship Contact #3.

1153                Ships made out to be 2 trawlers and 1 subchaser. Too small for torpedoes and did not consider gun action warranted.

1200                Fishing group passed 2000 yards abeam. Secured from battle station.

1326                Surfaced for recoo plane.

1401                Quick dive.

1720                Surfaced.

1830-2000      Sent weather report.


November 27, 1944

0548                Made quick dive. Weather has changed radically since weather report last night. Sea is now force 5, completely overcast with low clouds.

1140                Surfaced on life guard station.

1245                Raid probably delayed because of weather. Due to low hanging clouds and possibility of plane approaching within 1000 yards without detection, submerged.

1330                Distant explosion - Maybe raid is on.

1335                Surfaced - Aircraft frequencies clear.

1355                Submerged.

1717                Surfaced.

1800                Heard on broadcast receiver that Tokyo was again bombed. Later notified by 17.7 that all planes returned safely.


November 28, 1944

0556                Submerged. No raid today.

1718                Surfaced.

2034                Sighted Inamba Shima. Distance about 12 miles but no radar contact.

2048                Radar contact 24,700 yards, 028 T. Started tracking from ahead. Ship

                        Contact #4.

2140                Identified target as aircraft carrier, base course 210, speed 20. It appeared he only had one escort. With sky overcast, and dark horizon to north, started surface approach on starboard flank.

2230                Escort on starboard beam sighted. Not possible to make surface approach on this side. Changed course back to his base course.

2250                Target group closing and we are off the track too far to submerge. Carrier turned on red truck light for about 10 seconds, then off for 20, and on again for 10. Range to closest escort 6100 yards and to carrier 15,000. Sent lookouts below and watched for gun flashes or splashes. Escort continued to ignore us - Called lookouts back.

2300                Enemy group now determined to consist of large carrier and 4 escorts. One on either beam, one ahead and one astern.

2330                Sent contact message.

2340                Looks like big zig in our direction.

2400                Probably a base course change to the west. We are now on his port flank further off the track than before. Changed our course to 270 and coaxed a few more turns from the already overloaded motors.


November 29, 1944 From here on it was a mad race for a possible firing position. His speed was about one knot              in excess of our best, but his zig plan allowed us to pull ahead very slowly.

0241                Sent second contact message when it appeared he planned to stay on 275 and not much chance of us reaching a firing position.

0300                Looks like another change of base course or big zig to southward. Range closing rapidly and we are ahead.

0305                Changed course to 100 and submerged. Range to carrier 11,700 yards. Sighted carrier in periscope at 7000 yards. Changed course 10 to left to keep from closing track too much. A small starboard angle on the bow and range 3500. Escort closed carrier to receive blinker message. This caused him to pass nicely ahead of us at 400 yards.

O316               Carrier zigged away about 30. Picture improves. Good positIon, 70 starboard track, 1400 yards. Gyro shots necessary due to late favorable zig.

0317                Started firing all bow tubes, MK 14 torpedoes, set depth 10 feet - First gyro 28 right, track 100, spread from cards, aft to forward.

0317-47          Heard and observed first hit just inside stern near props and rudder. Large ball of fire climbed his side.

0317-57          Second hit observed and heard. This was about 50 yards forward of the first.

With hits seen, a destroyer about 500 yards on our quarter, and wakes visible, started deep.

Four more properly timed hits on our way down. The time corresponded to the firing interval and sounded the same as the two that were observed. The six hits with a spread can be explained by considering the data as correct, the overall spread from the card for 600 foot target is 10 and our target, 750 feet long is 10 at 1400 yards.

                        The six hits are certain.

                        Breaking up noises started immediately.

With the bright moonlight the identification is quite accurate. The carrier appeared to be similar to the Hayntaka class except it is believed to had a raked stern. Perhaps our recco plane over Yokohama has a picture to further identify this one.

0325                Started receiving a total of 14 depth charges. Closest one was perhaps 300 yards away.

0345                Last depth charge. The hissing, sputtering, and breaking noises continued. At one time they covered 90 of scale on the sound receiver.

0405                Last breaking up noise. Our starboard sound head training gear damaged by a broken roller and a holding down lug. Either from depth charge or pressure. Both training motors grounded out by bilge water as it was necessary to use a 10 up angle. Credit is claimed for a sinking because of these items:

                                    (a) Six certain hits. (2 observed)

                                    (b) Heavy screws stopped and did not restart.

                                    (c) Loud breaking up noises for 47 minutes.

(d) Escorts give us slight attention and closed carrier, probably picking up

                                          survivors.

0610                Daylight and first periscope observation. Nothing in sight.

1000                Large and distant single explosion. Origin indefinite - Our target by all rights should have been down long ago.

1722                Surfaced.

1830                Started sending weather report and info on attack.

2000                Notified strike is on for tonight.


November 30, 1944

0551                Quick dive.

1718                Surfaced.


December 1, 1944

0554                Made quick dive in vicinity of attack.

0650                Sighted one trawler and one sub chaser. Probably looking for survivors which is our intent. Ship Contact #5.

0810                Broached in rough seas to 30 feet while getting periscope observation. Sighted Otori class TB, range 8000 yards, on opposite course. Ship Contact #6. Pinging detected. We were fortunately not sighted as it would not be possible to touch his 6 foot draft in these seas.

1725                Surfaced.


December 2, 1944

0550                Quick dive.

1720                Surfaced. Started for new lifeguard station. While passing between Hachijo and Aoga there was considerable radar interference on 82,150,155, and 192 mcs. The radar was strong and according to the APR it steadied on us a number of times. Occasional keying of the SD located no planes.


December 3, 1944

0545                Quick dive.

1009                Surfaced on lifeguard station.

1337                Considerable high pitched “yapping” on Tokyo broadcast

                        station, sirens, and bells. Planes are over the target.

1547                Received message from plane requesting aid. Started for position at full speed.

1607                Plane reported emergency over. Slowed.

1615                APR interference on 192 mcs. Possible IFF response - Cut in our BK and searched with SD. No contact.

1630                Received another plane call for assistance. Changed course and speed to head for him. Full speed in these seas gave us 10 knots. Took considerable water in the main induction, in fact, more than we intended and the auxiliary generator was grounded out.

1656                Another message from plane requesting assistance. Notified him we received his message and got a “Roger”. As we were closer to the first reported position, continued on.

2000                Started search at first reported position.

2135                Sent message on downed plane and our plans.


December 4, 1944

0025                This search to be taken over by Scabboardfish.

                        Started for position of second plane.

0550                Trim dive.

0617                Surfaced.

Continued search - used expanded square search, 6000 yards between tracks.

                        Size of seas determined assured sighting range.

1730                Sent weather report.


December 5, 1944      Continued search.


December 6, 1944      Continued search.

0745                Sighted plane 10 miles. Probably NELL. Submerged. Aircraft Contact #7.

                        155 mc radar interference.

0819                Surfaced.

1350                Sighted plane, 8 miles. TESS. Course north. Submerged. Aircraft Contact #8.

1423                Surfaced.


December 7, 1944      On lifeguard station.

0728                Submerged. Day raid canceled but night raid on.

1715                Surfaced.

1810                Sent weather report.


December 8, 1944

0747                Submerged for 155 mcs. radar interference - Clouds prevented sight contact. Aircraft Contact #9.

0846                Surfaced.

1243                Submerged. Planes should be well clear.

1703                Surfaced. B-29's due again tonight.

2327                Radar contact on two targets, 12,000 yards, commenced tracking.

                        Ship Contact #7.


December 9, 1944      From size of pips believed those to be two fair sized escorts returning to Tokyo, speed 13 knots

.                       and zigging. The fact that they were zigging indicates they believed themselves to be torpedo bait

0050                Targets sighted from bridge at 7000 yards. At 4000 yards and broadside the silhouettes were similar to destroyers but identification not certain. The moon which rose at 0010 was obscured by clouds most of the time so a periscope approach was not possible, and yet it was not possible to approach too closely on the surface.

0210-10          Fired 4 mark 14's at closest target from bow tubes with 100 track, small gyros, 3200 yard torpedo run. A 6 foot depth setting was used as it is doubtful if less than that could be used in the present sea.

0214-50          End of run explosions only. He was probably smaller than a destroyer and the torpedoes ran under.

0220                No sign that he knew of our presence. Tracked him at original speed. Did not make another attack as could see no way to improve the first attack.

0601                Submerged. No raid scheduled today and heavy low clouds.

1707                Surfaced.


December 10, 1944

0603                Submerged.

1008                Surfaced for recco plane.

1246                Single engine land plane sighted at 5 miles coming in. Aircraft Contact #10. Submerged. Recco plane should be well clear.

1705                Surfaced.


December 11, 1944

0603                Submerged.

1700                Surfaced.

1830                Sent weather report.

2024                Received message to head for Guam refit. Left Station.


December 12, 1944

0530                Passed between Sumisu Shima and Tori. Shima.

1058                Sighted masts on horizon 142T.

1110                Identified as patrol boat on various courses. 6 miIes.

1116                Patrol boat disappeared to south.

1800-2200      Conducted test full power run. Average r.p.m. 285.


December 13, 1944

0605                Trim dive.

0616                Surfaced.


December 14, 1944

0220                SJ radar interference. Received challenge and sent reply by radar. Expect the Razorback.

0415                Lost interference - 7,900 yards closest contact.

0523                OOD sighted what appeared to be green smoke bomb, elevation 7. Changed course in flare direction and ran for 8 miles. No contact - Proper recognition color but no boat surfaced and little chance of Razorback reaching position of bomb.

0600                Quick dive.

0615                Surfaced.

1243                SD contact 22 miles. Obtained IFF response at 18 miles.

1255                Plane not sighted until he closed to 2 miles. His elevation was about 4000 feet, and with scattered clouds it was very difficult to pick up the unpainted planes even though we knew he was near.

1256                Exchanged recognition signals by searchlight.

2323                SJ radar interference - 240T. Possibly Sea Lion.


December 15, 1944.

0525                Sighted and exchanged calls with escort, AM-102.


                        Weather:

• No unusual weather conditions were observed. Overcast heavy weather with intermittent rain was the usual condition.


                        Tidal Information:

• No unusual tidal information can be added to found on the charts and coast pilot of the area.


                        Navigational Aids:

• No navigational aids were seen with the exception of Fujiama which on one exceptionally clear day was sighted at a distance of 110 miles.


                        Ship Contacts:

No.      Date                 Lat.                   Type               Initial            Estimated     How             Remarks

            Time (I)            Long.                                       Range           Course        Contacted

                                                                                                         Speed                                   


1.         17 Nov.           33-29'N           Probably         10,000                                 SJ

            2117               139-15'E          small escort

2.         17 Nov.           33-30'N           Probably         10,000                                 SJ

            2303               138-58'E           small escort 

3.         26 Nov.           32-27'N           2 Trawlers       8,000                                  Periscope

            1145               137-08'E          1 Subchaser 

4.         28 Nov.           33-33'N           1 CV               24,700             210T         SJ                Sank 1 CV

            2048               138-45'E          4 DD                                        20 Kts 

5.         1 Dec.             33-13'N           1 Trawler         8,000                                  Periscope

            0650               137-28'E          1 Subchaser 

6.         1 Dec.             33-15'N           Torpedo Boat   8,000                                 Periscope

            0810               137-25'E          (Otori Class)

7.         8 Dec.             32-47'N           2 DD or           11,000             310T         SJ                Fired 4 torpedoes

            2327               141-56'E          smaller                                     13 Kts                             believed passed under.

8.         12 Dec.           30-11'N           Patrol vessel     15,000                                High

            1058               138-36'E                                                                             Periscope


 

                        Aircraft Contacts:

No.      Time                 Lat.                   Type(s)            Initial            Est. C.         How             Remarks

            Date                 Long.                                        Range           Speed          Contacted                   


1.         1054                 27-30'N                                    8 mi.             East             R                 Dove

            13 Nov.            137-50'E         

2.         1200                 34-15'N           Transport          15 mi.           East             SD               Remained

            19 Nov.            138-25'E                                                                                               Surfaced

3.         1235                 34-15'N           Transport          15 mi.           East             SD               Probably

            19 Nov.            138-20'E                                                                                               Nagoya-Tokyo

4.         1154                 34-08'N           4 Bombers        10 mi.           Southerly      SD               Remained

            20 Nov.            138-10'E                                                                                                Surfaced

5.         1200                 33-50'N           Single engine     6 mi.                                 SD               Dove

            21 Nov.            138-08'E          land plane         Closing

6.         1220                 33-50'N           3 Bombers                            Southerly       P               

            21 Nov.            138-08'E           

7.         0745                 32-15'N           Nell                   10 mi.                               SD               Dove

            6 Dec.               142-10'E                                                                           155mcs (APR)

8.         1350                 32-20'N            Tess                  8 mi.                                                    

            6 Dec.               142-25'E          

9.         0747                 32-20'N                                                                              APR             Heavy O'cast

            8 Dec.               141-15'E                                                                            155(mcs)

10.        1246                 32-40'N           Single engine      5 mi.                                                     Dove

            21 Nov.            138-08'E           land plane         Closing

                                  R -    Radar

                                  SD - Sighted Day

                                  P -    Periscope


 

                       Attack Data:

U.S.S. Archer-Fish                 Torpedo Attack No. 1             Patrol No. 5

• Time: 0317              • Date: 11-29-44         • Lat: 32 N.               • Long: 137 E.

Target Data - Damage Inflicted

• Description: A task group of one large aircraft carrier and four destroyers was detected by radar at 24,700 yards.
The sky was overcast with a bright moon underneath giving a visibility of about 15,000 yards. Tracking was
accomplished on the surface and a submerged attack was made on the carrier, Hayatauka or Taiho
class “EC”.

• Ship sunk: One large aircraft carrier similar to the Hayataka class tonnage approximately 28,000.

• Damage determined by: Six torpedoes were fired from the bow nest. The first hit was heard and observed just inside
the carrier's stern. Second hit was heard and observed about 50 yards forward of the first. Four more properly timed
hits were heard while we were going to deep submergence to evade the escorts. Breaking up noises started immediately
and continued for 47 minutes. Credit is claimed for a sinking because of the following items:

            (a)       Six certain hits (2 observed)

            (b)       Heavy screws topped and did not restart.

            (c)       Loud breaking up noises for 47 minutes.

            (d)       Escorts gave us slight attention and closed carrier, probably picking up survivors.

• Target draft: 30 feet              • Course: 198              • Speed: 18                 • Range: 1400

Own Ship Data

• Speed: 3.5                • Course: 092              • Depth: 65'                • Angle:- 1 up

Fire Control and Torpedo Data

• Type Attack: This attack was a combined surface and submerged attack in that the approach phase was made on
the surface while the attack phase was made submerged. During the five hour tracking period both plot and the TDC
were manned continually, giving excellent results. The data computed by plot of the enemy?s base course was very
valuable in aiding the “end around”. The SJ radar was used both for tracking the target and detection; making a full
360 sweep on the 8000 yard and 40,000 yard scale once every three minutes. The “PPI” scope on the radar was used
to good advantage in determining the disposition of the task force. We submerged on the targets track at 11,700 yards
and sighted him through the periscope at 7000 yards. Both sound bearings and periscope bearings were used by the
TDC operator in maintaining a correct solution. Throughout the attack the fire control instruments functioned perfectly
and the torpedoes ran hot straight and normal.

Fire Control and Torpedo Data (Continued)

Tubes Fired                #1                  #2                 #3                 #4              #5                 #6

Track Angle                108s              l09s              109s             111s           111s             124s

Gyro Angle                  28R              31R                33R              38R           40R               55R

Depth Set                    10'                10'                 10'                10'             10'                10'

Power                          Hi                 Hi                  Hi                 Hi              Hi                  Hi

Hit or Miss                   Hit                Hit                 Hit                Hit             Hit                 Hit

Erratic                          No                No                No                No             No                No

Mk. Torpedo               14-3A           14-3A           14-3A           14-3A        14-3A          14-3A

Serial No.                    40009            40267           26405           40553        24373          24363

Mk Exploder               6-4                 6-4               6-4                6-4             6-4               6-4

Serial No.                    12134            19601           19299           2503           19259          19237

Actuation Set               Contact          Contact         Contact         Contact       Contact        Contact

Actuation Actual           Contact         Contact         Contact          Contact       Contact        Contact

Mark Warhead             16-1              16-1             16-1             16-1             16-1            16-1

Serial No.                     12939            17854          14952           16481          14916          20939

Explosive                      Torpex           Torpex         Torpex          Torpex         Torpex          Torpex 

Firing interval                8 Sec             8 Sec            8 Sec            8 Sec           8 Sec            8 Sec

Type Spread                Divergent        Divergent      Divergent      Divergent     Divergent       Divergent.

Sea Conditions             Moderate       Moderate     Moderate      Moderate    Moderate       Moderate

Overhaul Activity          S/M Base      S/M Base      S/M Base     S/M Base    S/M Base       S/M Base

                                    P.H.               P.H.              P.H. .           PH.             P.H.                P.H.

 

[Note: The intention was to fire the first three torpedoes with left gyros, and the last three with right. However,

after the target zigged left to 180deg T, the destroyer that had been alongside the carrier for a blinker message

turned directly at us. As he approached I lowered the periscope. When we heard him pass, and the periscope

was raised, the target had passed the optimum position. The 28deg R gyro was the result. J.F.E.]



                      Attack Data:

U.S.S. Archer-Fish                 Torpedo Attack No. 2             Patrol No. 5

• Time: 0210              • Date: 12-9-44           • Lat: 34-00' N.         • Long: 141 -45' E.

Target Data - Damage Inflicted

• Description: At 2327 on December 8, 1944 two ships were detected by SJ radar at a range of 12000 yards. The
night was overcast and the horizon dark, visibility about 8000 yards. The enemy was sighted at 7000 yards. At 4000
yards and broadside the silhouettes were similar to destroyers or destroyer escorts but identification was not certain,
(EU).

• Ships sunk: None.

• Ships damaged: None.

• Target Draft: Unknown       • Course: 200              • Speed: 12                 • Range: 3120

Own Ship Data

• Speed: 7                   • Course: 210              • Depth: Surface         • Angle: 0

Fire Control and Torpedo Data

• Type Attack: This was a radar surface attack using radar data for both plot and TDC. The plot was used to good
advantage in determining the enemy’s base course and giving early indications of zig. The SJ radar was used both for
tracking and detection making 360 sweeps on the 8000 and 40000 yard scales once every three minutes. The TBT
was not used because of poor visibility resulting from heavy spray. At the time of firing the TDC had a perfect solution
and the torpedoes ran hot, straight, and normal. It is felt that a six foot depth setting was too much for the draft of the
target.

Tubes Fired                #1                    #2                    #3                    #4

Track Angle                109s                110s                111s                111s

Gyro Angle                  4 L                  1 L                  1 R                  3 R

Depth Set                    6 ft.                  6 ft.                 6 ft.                 6 ft.

Power                         Hi                    Hi                    Hi                    Hi

Hit or Miss                  Miss                Miss                Miss                 Miss

Erratic                         No                  No                   No                   No

Mk. Torpedo              14-3A             14-3A             14-3A              14-3A

Serial No.                   39992              26618             39691              25868

Mk. Exploder             6-4                   6-4                  6-4                  6-4

Serial No.                   19660              2606                19605             19246

Actuation set               Contact            Contact           Contact            Contact

Actuation Actual          Miss                Miss                Miss                 Miss

Mk. Warhead              16-1                16-1                16-1                16-1

Serial No.                   20972              14900              16535              14362

Explosive                    Torpex             Torpex             Torpex             Torpex

Firing Interval              8 Sec               8 Sec               8 Sec               8 Sec

Type Spread               Divergent         Divergent         Divergent          Divergent

Sea Conditions           Heavy Swells    Heavy Swells   Heavy Swells    Heavy Swells

Overhaul Activity        S/M Base PH   S/M Base PH   S/M Base PH   S/M Base PH

Remarks - The misses were due, it is felt, to the fact that they were either set too deep or the deep heavy swells
caused the torpedoes to run deeper than set depth. Three end of run explosions were heard, probably from the first,
third and fourth torpedoes at approximately four minutes after time of firing.


 

                     Mines:

• None.


 

                     Anti-Submarine Measures and Evasion Tactics:

• Evasion Tactics - The only anti-submarine measures encountered were those ineffective ones after having sunk a
carrier escorted by four destroyers. The destroyers dropped at random a total of fourteen charges. No apparent effort
was made to pick up the submarine and it is believed that the destroyers were engaged in picking up survivors at the
same time trying to avoid the submarine. Contact with the destroyers was soon lost an the submarine evaded deep at
two thirds speed against the background noise of the breaking up carrier.


                      Major Defects:

• Overboard Discharge Valve for Air Conditioning and Ice Machine - About one week after departing Pearl, the valve
disc became detached from the stem of the discharge valve for the air conditioning and ice machine circulating water. This casualty necessitated securing the valve for the duration of the patrol. It is believed that this casualty is probably the result
of galvanic action on the threads of the locking nut and on the slot for the locking pin, since renewing the pin did not
remedy the trouble. A jury rig using a rubber hose to discharge the circulating water through the drain pump sea discharge
permitted operating the air conditioning and ice machine above the depth of 100 feet.

• Flooding out of After TBT Mk VIII - About a week after departing Pearl, a zero ground reading was obtained in the
after unit of the TBT. Upon investigating water was found in the conning tower junction box. Upon arrival Saipan the after
TBT was broken down, cleaned and the stuffing gland repacked. A few days after leaving Saipan water was again found
in the conning tower junction box and a zero ground obtained. The unit was secured. Inspection showed water also in the
topside unit. It is thought that the armor on the cable is split at some spot and the water is forced under pressure into the
junction box and the topside unit. The TBT’s were installed the last refit by Submarine Base, Pearl Harbor.

•Auxiliary Generator - On the night of December 2, the auxiliary generator was flooded with sea water to a level which
partially covered the armature and commutator. The water apparently entered the casing through the lower inspection
plate which later was found to have a faulty gasket. This submersion caused zero grounds in the armature, series field,
shunt field and brush rigging. The ground on the brush rigging was cleared by manufacturing a new insulated bushing, but
washing, cleaning and baking had little or no effect on the grounds in the armature and series and shunt fields.


   

                     Radio:

(1) Frequency Remarks

              16730 kcs                  Best frequency for daylight hour reception.

              4515 kcs                    Good for evening Skeds reception.

              6045 kcs                    Strongest signal for evening reception, but transmitter tone often difficult
for operators to copy.

              9090 kcs                    Not satisfactory in this area during this patrol.

              4475 kcs                    Very satisfactory during communication with B-29's on December third.

(2) Twelve different messages were transmitted during this patrol. Six of these were addressed to Station NDP4, but
communication was never established and it was necessary to relay message via other stations. Communications
was excellent with Station NPN6 during the seven messages relayed by them. All transmissions were made on
8470 kcs.

(3) Enemy jamming was normal during this patrol, with the exception of while transmitting one message when it was very strong.

(4) No material failures were experienced. It was necessary to secure the inter-area frequencies for about 80% of the
patrol because of aircraft frequencies being guarded. This vessel has only two high frequency receivers.

(5) Extreme difficulty was experienced on the nights of 3, 7, and 11 December in submitting the required weather report
to CTG 17.7 which were finally cleared through various outlying bases. These circumstances prevented the sending
of a necessarily long detailed report to ComSubPac, which was requested at an earliest opportunity.


                     Radar:

• The SJ and SD performances were little better than fair. Prior to departure to our assigned station, optimum result were
obtained. After several days on station, a loss of signal strength became evident on the SJ. The T-R tube was replaced
with a new one, and the tuning was touched-up on land echoes. Although there was an increase in signal strength, the SJ
performance was only satisfactory. Maximum land echos was 85,000 yards, responses at 12,000 yards were obtained on
friendly subs heading east. This work resulted in a loss of six hours operating time. This is a very small percentage of the
total operating time during the patrol - approximately six hundred (600) hours. In spite of this almost continual operation,
there weren’t any material casualties. This speaks well for the durability of the SJ.

• The SO was kept in a standby condition during the entire patrol, and keyed when planes were suspected to be in the
area. A material casualty was experienced when the pre-amplifier power transformer was shorted due to salt water
coming down through the conning tower hatch. The pre-amplifier as by-passed, and normal operation was retained.

• The APR in conjunction with the SPA was manned continually. The addition of the SPA unit has helped the job of radar
detection a great deal. All of the confusion introduced by own ships interference was eliminated completely, and the job
of analyzing enemy radar was greatly facilitated.


 

                     Sound and Sound Conditions:

• The performance of the sound gear was good. A material casualty obtained when a field coil for the port sound head
training motor burned out. This was due to flooded forward room bilges brought about by minor leaks and condensation
at deep submergence after the attack on the carrier. The port sound head was put back in commission by replacing the
port training motor with the starboard training motor.

• Sound conditions were very good; but entirely unsatisfactory for evasive action. All bathythermograph cards showed
iso-thermal conditions down to three hundred feet with very slight gradients at greater depths.


                     Density Layers:

• Density layers throughout the patrol were conspicuous only by their absence. There were occassional slight gradient
below 375 - 400 feet.


 

                   Health, Food, and Habitability:

• During this patrol there ware an unusually large number of infections of various natures, causing numerous sick days.

• It is possible that those infections were contacted in Saipan as they all occurred after having stopped there for two
days. Almost all of the men affected had been swimming just prior to our departure.

• Extreme precautions were taken in the galley when two mess cooks and the ships baker were infected.

• Infections treated:

            4 Furuncles

            3 Cellultis

            6 Impetigo

            Numerous styes


 

                     Personnel:

• The general conduct of the officers and men displayed a satisfactory state of training and their performance under
combat conditions was excellent.

            (a)       Number of men onboard during patrol                       73

            (b)       Number of men qualified at start of patrol                  56

            (c)       Number of men qualified at end of patrol                   69

            (d)       Number of men unqualified making first patrol           11

            (e)       Number of men advanced in rating during patrol        15


                    Miles Steamed - Fuel Used:

            Pearl to Area               4340 miles      55,000 gallons

            In Area                        4230 miles      35,000 gallons

            Area to Guam             1285 miles       27,000 gallons


 

                     Duration:

            Days en route to Saipan          10

            Days in Saipan                         2

            Days Saipan to Area                4

            Days in Area                           27

            Days en route to Guam            3

            Days Submerged                    20


                     Factors of Endurance Remaining:

            Torpedoes                   14

            Fuel                            40,000

            Provisions                   15 days

            Personnel Factor         15 days

• Limiting factor this patrol: Opord


                     Radio and Radar Countermeasures:

• Report of countermeasures is herewith appended on CM&D Form 2.


                     Remarks:

• We were able to be on the surface on life station the one time we were called upon for assistance - unfortunately a
three day search was of no avail. The state of the area was such that a crash landing was particularly hazardous. No
signals on 500 kcs were received.

• During the attack on the carrier we had two short intervals of 10 cm. radar interference but we were apparently not
contacted - while we were on the surface the carriers minimum range was 11,700 and to one escort 6100 yards. No
definite night radar planes were encountered but twice during daylight with heavy overcast they were detected using
155 mcs.


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FIRST ENDORSEMENT

SUBMARINE DIVISION 102

FB5-102/A16-3

                                                                                                Care of Fleet Post Office,

Serial  056                                                                              San Francisco, California,

                                                                                                17 December 1944

CONFIDENTIAL


FIRST ENDORSEMENT to

CO ARCHERFISH Conf. ltr.

SS311/a16-3 Serial 013 - 44

dated 15 December 1944.

From :             The Commander Submarine Division ONE HUNDRED TWO.

To :                 The Commander-in-Chief, United States Fleet.

Via :                (1) The Commander Submarine Squadron TEN.

                        (2) The Commander Submarine Force, Pacific Fleet.

                        (3) The Commander-in-Chief, Pacific Fleet.


Subject :          U.S.S. ARCHERFISH - Report or Fifth War Patrol, Comment

                        on.

Enclosure : (C) Sketch of carrier target (Comsubspac only).


            1. The fifth war patrol of the U.S.S. ARCHERFISH, her first under the new Commanding Officer, Commander J. F. ENRIGHT was conducted in Empire waters south of Honshu where the submarine was stationed for life-guarding and other auxiliary services during the first B-29 strikes on Tokyo.


            2. Those services were performed efficiently and should have contributed considerably to the success of those raids. On the afternoon of December 3rd, the ARCHERFISH had the unique opportunity of being an ear-witness of the show by listening in on the Tokyo broadcasts of air raid signals.


            3. One protracted search of approximately three days duration was made for a plane downed about 120 miles south east of Hachijo Shima but no traces of it could be found. The commanding officer reports orally that the state of the seas was unfavorable for a water landing and it is presumed that the bomber crashed and sank quickly.


            4. The patrol was high-lighted by a successful night attack on a large enemy carrier in the early morning of November 29th. The carrier, escorted by 4 destroyers, was picked up by radar at 24,7OO yards and the group was trailed for 6 hours at a speed of 20 knots. During this chase, which appeared hopeless at times, the ARCHERFISH broadcast two contact reports. Finally, after a favorable change of enemy base course, the ARCHERFISH found herself in position ahead and dived for a periscope, moonlight attack. A salvo of six Mark 14's fired from a range of 1400 yards produced six hits the first two of which were observed near the stern of the target, the torpedoes having been spread from aft forward. The ARCHER-FISH then sounded to evade the counterattack developing and heard the other four properly timed hits on her way down. The screws of the carrier stopped and were not heard to start again. Loud breaking-up noises lasted for about three-quarters of an hour. The Counterattack was slight and the escorts were heard milling around in the direction of the stricken carrier.


                    The ARCHERFISH came up to periscope depth at dawn, 3 hours later, but nothing could be seen of the target group through the periscope. At 10 A.M. a loud distant explosion was heard. It is difficult to tie this in with the torpedo attack and it is concluded that it was unrelated thereto.


                    The Commanding Officer of the ARCHERFISH was able to observe the carrier carefully in the bright moonlight and he reports it as being similar to the Mayataka or Taiho class. I have had him submit a rough sketch of it, the original of which is forwarded herewith as Enclosure (C).


            5. One other attack was made on the surface against one of a pair of small vessels resembling destroyers on the night of December 9th. Four Mark 14?s fired from 3200 yards range either missed or under-ran the target. Visibility conditions were unfavorable for a closer approach on the surface and it was too dark for a periscope attack.


            6. No other worthwhile targets were encountered.


            7. The ARCHERFISH arrived at Guam in apparently good material condition. A normal refit has been scheduled by the SPERRY and Division 102.


            8. The ship’s company are in high spirit after their “day of glory” and it is a pleasure to congratulate such a fine performance and welcome them to Guam and Camp Dealey.




                                                                                                          T. B. KLAKRING


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SECOND ENDORSEMENT

FC5-10/A16-3(5)                    SUBMARINE SQUADRON TEN

Serial 0271                                                                 Care of Fleet Post Office,

                                                                                         San Francisco, California,

                                                                                              17 December 1944.

CONFIDENTIAL


SECOND ENDORSEMENT to

ARCHERFISH Report of

5th War Patrol.


From:              The Commander Submarine Squadron Ten

To:                  The Commander in Chief, United States Fleet.

Via:         (1)   The Commander Submarine Force, Pacific fleet.

               (2)   The Commander in Chief, U.S. Pacific Fleet.

Subject:           U.S.S. ARCHERFISH - Report of Fifth War Patrol.

            1.         Forwarded, concurring in the remarks contained in the first endorsement.




                                                                                                G. L. RUSSELL.


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THIRD ENDORSEMENT

                                         SUBMARINE FORCE PACIFIC FLEET hch

FF12-10/A16-3(15)

                                                                                                Care of Fleet Post Office,

Serial 02936                                                                            San Francisco, California,

                                                                                                23 December 1944.

CONFIDENTIAL


THIRD ENDORSEMENT to

ARCHER-FISH Report of                                           NOTE: THIS REPORT WILL BE

                                                                                                 DESTROYED PRIOR TO

                                                                                                 ENTERING PATROL AREA.2

COMSUBPAC PATROL REPORT NO. 623.

U.S.S. ARCHER-FISH - FIFTH WAR PATROL.

From:              The Commander Submarine Force, Pacific Fleet.

To:                  The Commander-in-Chief, United States Fleet.

Via:                 The Commander-in-Chief, U. S. Pacific Fleet.

Subject:           U.S.S. ARCHER-FISH (SS-311) - Report of Fifth War Patrol.

                        (30 October to 15 December 1944).


           1. The fifth war patrol of the ARCHER-FISH was conducted in areas south of Honshu.


           2. The ARCHER-FISH had a mission of lifeguard duty in connection with B-29 strikes as well as offensive patrol during this patrol. She conducted a protracted search for one downed plane about 120 miles southeast of Hachijo Shima without success. The state of the seas was such that the plane probably sank very quickly or crashed on landing. Only two contacts, other than small anti-submarine craft, were made. One consisted of two small destroyer type craft which was attacked but the torpedoes under-ran. The other contact was a large CV escorted by four destroyers. The ARCHER-FISH, in an expertly conducted attack, fired six torpedoes at the large CV and sank her with six hits.


           3. Award of the Submarine Combat Insignia for this patrol is authorized.


           4. The Commander Submarine Force, Pacific Fleet, congratulates the commanding officer, officers, and crew for this highly successful patrol. The loss of this large carrier is a most severe blow to the enemy and is an illustrious accomplishment for which the ARCHER-FISH, deserves the greatest praise. The ARCHER-FISH is credited with having inflicted the following damage upon the enemy during this patrol:


S U N K

1. - CV (HAYATAKA) Type or possibly larger) (EC) - 28,000 tons (Attack No. 1)




Distribution and authentication on following page.                                 J. H. BROWN, Jr.





                                                                        (2)

                                         SUBMARINE FORCE PACIFIC FLEET hch

FF12-10/A16-3(15)

                                                                                                Care of Fleet Post Office,

Serial 02936                                                                            San Francisco, California,

                                                                                                23 December 1944.

CONFIDENTIAL


THIRD ENDORSEMENT to

ARCHER-FISH Report of                                           NOTE: THIS REPORT WILL BE

                                                                                                 DESTROYED PRIOR TO

                                                                                                 ENTERING PATROL AREA.2

COMSUBPAC PATROL REPORT NO. 623.

U.S.S. ARCHER-FISH - FIFTH WAR PATROL.

From:              The Commander Submarine Force, Pacific Fleet.

To:                  The Commander-in-Chief, United States Fleet.

Via:                 The Commander-in-Chief, U. S. Pacific Fleet.

Subject:           U.S.S. ARCHER-FISH (SS-311) - Report of Fifth War Patrol.

                        (30 October to 15 December 1944).

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -


DISTRIBUTION:

(Complete Reports)

Comich                                   (7)

CNO                                      (5)

Cincpao                                  (6)

Intel.Cen.Pac.Ocean Areas     (1)

Comservpac                           (1)

Cinclant                                  (1)

Comsubslant                           (8)

S/M School, NL                     (2)

CO, S/M Base, PH                (1)

Comsopac                              (2)

Comsowespac                        (1)

Comsubsowespac                   (2)

CTG 71.9                               (2)

Comnorpac                             (1)

Comsubspac                           (40)

SUBAD, MI                           (2)

Comsubspacsubordcom          (3)

All Squadron and Division

   Commanders, Pacific           (2)

Substrainpac                           (2)

All Submarines, Pacific            (1)


E. L. HYNES, 2nd,

Flag Secretary.


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SAILING LIST

FIFTH WAR PATROL

Joseph Francis ENRIGHT, Commander, USN

Sigmund Albert BOBCZYNSKI, Lieut-Commander,USN

Davis Eli BUNTING, Lieutenant, USN

Romolo COUSINS, Lieutenant, USN

John Kneeland ANDREWS, Lieutenant (jg), USNR

Joseph Jasper BOSZA, Lieutenant (jg), USNR

Gordon Eugene CROSBY, Jr., Ensign, USNR

Justin Clark DYGERT, Ensign, USNR

Daniel Webster ELLZEYI Boatswain, USNR

 
ADAMS, John Calvin, RT1c, USNR

AUGUST, John Frederick, S1c, USNR

BAIRD, Willie Benjamin, EM2c, USNR

BAROODY, Joseph James, SC2c, USNR

BARTON, Harvey Buell, EM1c, USNR

BECKER, Robert Clayton, EM2c, USNR

BIARS, Kopel Sidney, RM3c, USNR

BJORGAN, Clifford Ordell, SM3c, USNR

BUNTAIN, Finley Cline Monroe, TM1c, USN

BOVARD, James Chester, S1c, USN

BROWN, Paul Tappan, Flc, USNR

BROWN, William Allen, StM2c, USNR

BURKE, James Anthony, MoMM2c, USNR

CARNAHAN, Eugene Earl, CY, USN

CARNIFAX, Thomas Henry, EM3c, USNR

CICHON, John Joseph, MoMM1c, USN

CONK, Gerard James, EM3c, USNR

COUSINS, Thomas Earle, CEM, USN

COUSINS, Richard Merton, RT2c, USN

CRAFT, Robert Charles, QM3c, USNR

DeSOLA, Ben Hoeb, EM3c, USNR

DEISS, Donald Albert, S1c, USNR

DOLAN, James Carl, S1c, USNR

DRETKE, William David, S1c, USN

FREEPARTNER, John Joseph, S2s, USNR

FORD, Garland Thomas, TM1c, USN

FULLER, Marteen William, TM3c, USNR

FULLER, William Marlin, S1c, USNR

GIBBONS, Bernard Thomas, MoMM3c, USNR

GRAVAVTT, Albert Carlisle, MoMM3c, USNR

HEALEY, John Patrick, Bkr3c, USN

HOFFMAN, Lambert Dall, CMoMM, USNR

HUGHES, William Douglas, CPhM, USN.

KEAST, Edwin Paul, SC2c, USNR

KENNEY, Richard Albert, FCS1c, USN

KRAMER, Dewight Francis, EM3c, USNR

LEFEBVRE, Gerald Alfred, RM3c, USNR

  LIGHTER, Hershel Arthur, MoMM1c, USN

LIPPACHER, Robert Frank, RM3c, USNR

LUBECK, Ernest Howard, MoMM2c, USNR

MACKIN, William Andrew, Y2c, USNR

MAGRATH, John Owen, S1c, USNR

MANTZEY, Edward Minnis, QM1c, USN

McLAUGHLIN, Charles Francis, Jr., MoMM1c, USN

McKEARIN, Paul Gordon, TM3c, USNR

McMAHON, Edward Charles, EM3c, USNR

MYERS, Earl Edgar, RT3c, USNR

NELSON, Billy George, S1c, USNR

NOROOS, Olaf, EM2c, USNR

PETERSON, Orville Orby, TM3c, USNR

PIERCE, Evan John, S1c, USNR

POTANOVIC, John Francis, MoMM2c, USN

SCANLAN, Richard Cullen, RM1c, USN

SCOTT, Levi Frank, StM1c, USNR

STEWART, Irwin Grant, S1c, USN

SPRIET, Edwin Albert, Flc, USNR

STEULLET, Frederick Thomas, MoMM1c, USN

SYKES, William Lewis, QM2c, USN

VALENTINE, Elgin Richard, EM2c, USN

VERZWYVELT, Anthony Everist, MoMM3c, USNR

WARD, Emory Dan, S1c, USNR

WELLS, Charles Neal, MoMM2c, USNR

WELLS, Lowell Earnest, TM2c, USNR

WHARTON, Wade Lemuel, BM1c, USNR

WHALEN, Thomas William, MoMM1c, USNR

WHEELER, George Dewey, Jr., TM3c, USNR

WHITE, Robert, EM2c, USNR

WILKEN, Carl Anthony, MoMM2c, USNR

WILL, Alfred Irving, MoMM2c, USNR

WILSON, Norman Jay, FCS3c, USNR

WINKLE, Norman William, GM3c, USN

YOTTER, Carl Norman, TM2c, USNR

ZIELINSKI, Edward Felix, TM2c, USNR

ZYCH, Henry Joseph, MoMM2c, USNR

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