USS Archer-Fish War Patrol #7
10 July to 12 September 1945
Report and Endorsements

(UNCLASSIFIED)

("Click" on title below to advance to that section of Report.)

Patrol Report

Endorsements

Sailing List - Patrol #7


Patrol Report of U.S.S. ARCHER-FISH (SS-311)

U.S.S. ARCHER-FISH (SS-3ll)

SS311/A16-3                                                                                      Care of Fleet Post Office,

                                                                                                            San Francisco, California.

Serial ( 015-45 )

                                                                                                            12 September, 1945


C-O-N-F-I-D-E-N-T-I-A-L


Front:              The Commanding Officer.

To :                 The Commander-in-Chief, United States Fleet.

Via :                (1) The Commander Submarine Division ONE HUNDRED TWO.

                        (2) The Commander Submarine Squadron TEN.

                        (3) The Commander Submarine Force, Pacific Fleet.

                        (4) The Commander-in-Chief, Pacific Fleet.

Subject:           U.S.S. ARCHER-FISH - Report of War Patrol Number Seven.


Enclosure:       (A) Subject report.

                        (B) Track chart to ComSubspac only.


            1.         Enclosure (A), covering the seventh war patrol of this vessel conducted off the East Coast of Honshu and the South Coast of Hokkaido during the period from July 10, 1945 to September 12,1945, is forwarded herewith.






                                                                                                            J. F. ENRIGHT

(enclosure)

S311/A16-3

Serial (015-45)

CONFIDENTIAL

Subject:           U.S.S. Archer-Fish - Report of War Patrol Number Seven



Prologue:

March 3, 1945            Arrived Pearl Harbor completing sixth war patrol.

March 6,1945             Departed Pearl Harbor for West Coast of U.S.

March 13,1945           Arrived San Francisco and proceeded to Hunters Point Naval Drydocks for overhaul.


                                    The following major alterations were accomplished:

                                                •Installation of ST radar.

                                                •Installation of hydraulic periscopes.

                                                •Shifted JP to port side.

•Installation of 5" 25 cal gun aft. two 40 mm placed on gun

                                                  platforms.

                                                •Installation lower hatches on trunks not already so equipped.

                                                •Installation Loran gear.

                                                •Installation second IMO pump.


                                    The following officers were detached:

                                                •Lieutenant R.L. Hamilton, U.S.Navy

                                                •Lieutenant J.N. Andrews, U.S. Naval Reserve.

                                                •Ensign D.W. Ellzey, U.S.Navy.


                                    The following officers were attached:

                                                •Lieutenant P.A, Newlove, U.S. Naval Reserve.

                                                •Lieutenant (jg) J.M. Thornton, U.S. Naval Reserve.

                                                •Lieutenant (jg) J.J. Norman, U.S. Naval Reserve.


                                    The overhaul was most satisfactory with the following exceptions:

                                                •Reduction gear noise could not be reduced below 87 decibels.

•Two important alterations could not be accomplished because of

                                                  lack of material, namely SV radar and TDM.

•The air conditioning alteration decreased rather than increased the habitability of the ship.

June 14, l945              Departed San Francisco.

June 22, 1945             Arrived Pearl Harbor. Assigned SubDiv 102 for voyage repairs and training. Lieutenant Commander L.G. Bernard, U.S.Navy reported aboard for temporary duty as P.C.O.

Narrative:


                        List of Officers and Chief Petty Officers (showing patrols including this patrol)

                                                                                                                                                Patrols

                                    •Comdr. J.F. Enright, 72281, U.S.N.                                                 4

                                    •Lieut-Comdr. L.G. Bernard, 78614, U.S.N.                                     7

                                    •Lieutenant D.E. Bunting, 123694, U.S.N.                                         5

                                    •Lieutenant P.A. Newlove, 103284, U.S.N.R.                                   2

                                    •Lieutenant (jg) J.J. Bosza, 227823, U.S.N.R.                                   4

                                    •Lieutenant (jg) J.M. Thornton, 229389, U.S.N.R.                            6

                                    •Lieutenant (jg) G.E. Crosby, Jr., 257485, U.S.N.R.                         5

                                    •Lieutenant (jg) J.C. Dygert, 313127, U.S.N.R.                                3

                                    •Lieutenant (jg) W.H. Cassady, Jr., 311473, U.S.N.R.                     2

                                    •Lieutenant (jg) J.J. Norman, 312548, U.S.N.R.                               1

                                    •FISCUS, R.W., 337 04 15, CTM(T), U.S.N.                                 7

                                    •FORD, G.T., 346 65 91, CGM(AA)(T), U.S.N.                            10

                                    •STEULLET, F.T., 207 20 8O, CMoMM(AA)(T), U.S.N..             4

                                    •LUNA, A., CMoMM(AA)(T), U.S.N.                                           7

                                    •WHEELER, C.G., CRM(AA)(T), U.S.N,R.                                   5

                                    •CARNAHAN, E.E., CY(T), U.S.N.                                              6

                                    •CARTER, L.A., CPhM(AA)(T), U.S.N.                                        2


July l0,1945    Departed Pearl Harbor on 7th War Patrol. Under escort of PC-487 until dark. In company with U.S.S.Thresher until vicinity of Wake when she turned south en route Eniwetok.


                       Training dives, deep dives, tracking, and exercised gun crews en route.

2330 (WV)     Shifted to +10 time.


July 11, 1945

1200 (W)        Position.

                                    Lat.     20 54' N.

                                    Long.  162 41' W.


July 12, 1945

0200 (W)        Changed to +11 time zone.

l200 (X)          Position.

                                    Lat.     21 11' N.

                                    Long.  168 10' W.

1457 (X)         Sharp and good radar pip 5800 yards. This pip did not disappear and was tracked on course 120 T at 5 knots. The visibility was unlimited. Nothing sighted on the bearing. It would have been impossible for a periscope to be up and not sighted. It would have been impossible for a periscope to be up and not sighted.

1510 (X)         Lost radar pip at 6,000 yards. Cannot be explained. Thresher did not have pip.

1200 (X)         Position.

                                    Lat.     21 17' N.

                                    Long.  173 36' W.


July 14. 1945

1200 (X)         Position.

                                    Lat.     21 15' N.

                                    Long.  179 43' W.

1315 (X)         Crossed 180th Meriden. Changed date to July 15, 1945.

1645 (X)         Changed time to -12 zone.


July 16, 1945

0621 (M)        Sighted friendly AK to north on easterly course. Changed course to l90. Minimum range 23,000 yards. Were not sighted.

1200 (M)        Position.

                                    Lat.     21 23' N.

                                    Long.  174 29.5' E.


July 17, 1945

1200 (M)        Position.

                                    Lat.     21 29' N.

                                    Long.  168 50' E.

1530 (M)        Thresher departed to South.

 


July 18, 19455

1200 (M)Position.

                                    Lat.     20 59' N.

                                    Long.  163 32' E.

2200 (M)        Changed time to -11 zone.

2235 (L)          Radar interference to South.

2250 (L)          Radar contact 11,000 yards. This was undoubtedly a friendly east bound sub, but had received no notice of him. Later determined to be Lapon.


July 19, 1945

1200 (L)          Position.

                                    Lat.     19 27' N.

                                    Long.  58 07' E.

1735(L)           Sighted and closed east bound Ronquil.


July 20, 1945

                        Position.

                                    Lat.     18 28' N.

                                    Long.  152 44' E.


July 21, 1945

0030 (L)          Passed Spot, Sea 0wl, and Queenfish. SJ Challenge unsuccessful.

0200                Changed to -10 time (K).

1200 (K)         Position.

                                    Lat.     17 53' N.

                                    Long.  148 13' E.

1400-1500 (L) Watched bombing of Jap held Pagan Island.

During the day had many friendly plane contacts by SD and sight. Too numerous to log. Our BK remained on and no planes approached in hostile manner.


July 22, 1945  ALL TIMES HEREAFTER ARE -10 ZONE (King).

0018                Made SJ contact at 10,900 yards. Shortly thereafter sighted DE or DD passing well clear on northerly course. Closest range 8,000 yards.

0510                Made contact with escort, LCI 1098, aid proceeded to Tanapag Harbor, Saipan.

0931                Moored alongside U.S.S. Orion at Saipan.

1610                C.O. departed for Guam to receive operation order.


July 23, 1945  Alongside U.S.S. Orion.

1900                C.O. returned from Guam.


July 24.1945

0952                Underway from Saipan for 7th War Patrol. LCI 95 as escort until 1515.

                        Numerous friendly plane contacts. No difficulties with them.


July 25, 1945

1200                Position.

                                    Lat.     18 46' N.

                                    Long.  142 19' E.


July 26,1945

1200                Position.          .

                                    Lat.     22 28' N.

                                    Long.  139 28' E.


July 27, 1945

1200                Position.

                                    Lat.     27 38' N.

                                    Long.  139 25' E.

1250                Sighted U.S.S. Silversides.


July 28,1945

0125                SJ radar interference. Probably Sea Robin.

1200                Position.

                                    Lat.     32 05' N.

                                    Long.  139 25' E.

1718                Sighted U.S.S. Balao.

2300                On lifeguard station for B-29 raid.


July 29,1945

0000                B-29's started passing over on way to empire. Navigation lights on all and IFF on practically all.

0100                Our cover, Airdale 22, arrived in area. Communications by VHF and 4475 fairly satisfactory but was used too much. He apparently was satisfied that we could see him occasionally, and did not attempt to make sight contact on us in spite of our coaching him on by VHF and turning on big searchlight.

0255                Airdale 22, the cover, stated he had heard a message and sent us “68 Chili Williams my heading 299.” We increased to flank speed, course 300T, and asked for repeat. The plane then sent “Am searching Chili Williams 22.” Placing both messages together we got 68 Chili Williams 22 which he later verified.

0315                Plane returned, said he dropped flares at point, found no survivors, and requested permission to return to base. We sent him back for another look.

0400                Plane said ceiling was too low and asked permission to return to base. Granted. Told him we would search area.

0700                Arrived at 68 Chili Williams 22 and searched area thoroughly at flank and full speed.

0908                SD contact closed to 9 miles. No IFF Made quick dive. Aircraft contact #1. Possibly enemy. Had two other contacts during afternoon with IFF. They did not close and we did not dive.

1200                Position.

                                    Lat.     34 05' N.

                                    Long.  140 45' E.

Sighted and closed two gasoline belly tanks during afternoon. Had been in water for some time as evidenced by barnacle growth.

2022                Secured search. Had covered approximately 575 square miles under good search conditions.

2030                Received message from liaison at Iwo 290616 (1616 K) that all planes returned safely.


July 30,1945

                        On lifeguard station. No work for us today.

0521                Made quick dive.

1200                Position.

                                    Lat.     33 23' N.

                                    Long.  141 29'E.

1250                Surfaced.

1336                Sighted and sank an aircraft’s fish net marker.

1415                Submerged.

2000                Surfaced.

2300                Received message to depart present station and to proceed areas 1, 2, and 3 arriving after sunset August 1. Sent message 301400 assigning areas to Gato and Atule.


July 31, 1945

0534                Quick dive.

0549                Surfaced.

0844                SD contact 16 miles. No IFF. Aircraft contact #2

0846                Quick dive.

1000                Surfaced.

1200                Position.

                                    Lat.     34 48' N.

                                    Long.  143 48' E.

l218-1231       Had 3 SD contacts between 25-28 miles. Did not close. No IFF.

1614                Quick dive.

1958                Surfaced.


August 1,1945

0509                Quick dive. Bow buoyancy vent stuck in open position.

0900                Entered area 3.

1200                Position.

                                    Lat.     37 10' N.

                                    Long.  143 57' E.

1214                Surfaced.

1245                Quick dive.

2008                Surfaced. Worked on bow buoyancy vent.


August 2, 1945

0503                Quick dive.

1200                Position.

                                    Lat.     39 24' N.

                                    Long.  143 38' E.

1241                Surfaced.

1344                Quick dive.

2009                Surfaced.


August 3, 1945

0447                Quick dive.

1200                Position.

                                    Lat.     41 11' N.

                                    Long.  143 33' E.

1445                Surfaced.

1450                Radar contact on Erimo Saki.

1527                Quick dive.

2005                Surfaced.

2054                SJ radar contact 275T, 3400 yards. Avoided.

2107                Another SJ contact 230T, 3600 yards. These contacts appeared to have considerable speed, but were lost before tracking could be started. APR had interference on 102 mgs. which may have come from them. Visibility was 500 yards due to fog. Good possibility they were “gremlins” as conditions were fog and a calm sea.

2200                SD out of commission.


August 4, 1945

0520                Quick dive.

1937                Surfaced.

1200                Position.

                                    Lat.     40 54' N.

                                    Long.  143 10' E.

2010-2055      Repaired bow buoyancy vent again.

2245                SD back in commission.


August 5, 1945

0521                Quick dive.

1433                Surfaced.

1512                Quick dive.

2013                Surfaced.


August 6, 1945

0527                Quick dive.

2008                Surfaced. Headed for Area 2.


August 7, 1945

0145                Had 2 strong radar pips at 2500, 3000 yards. Nothing in sight pips would change bearing rapidly, and then appear to remain stationary.

0503                Quick dive.


                        Surfaced. Heading for lifeguard station.

1200                Position.

                                    Lat.     41 34' N.

                                    Long.  143 16' E.

1201                Sighted single engine plane closing. Dove. Aircraft contact #3.

1320                Surfaced.

1336                SD contact 12 miles. No IFF. Submerged. Aircraft contact #4.

1507                Surfaced.

1705                Quick dive.

1926                Surfaced.


August 8, 1945

0400                Arrived on lifeguard station.

0632                SD contact 10 miles. Aircraft contact #5. Closed to 4 miles. No IFF. Not sighted in haze. Quick dive.

0714                Surfaced.

1042                Sighted plane - SD contact 12 miles. No IFF. Submerged. Aircraft contact #6.

1200                Position.

                                    Lat.     41 34' N.

                                    Long.  143 16' E.

1245                Surfaced.

1353                Submerged to repair SJ. Visibility 6000 yards.

1446                SJ repaired. Surfaced.

1525                SD contact 12 miles. Sighted and identified plane as B-29.

1542                SD contact 14 miles. No IFF. Submerged. Aircraft contact #7.

1852                Gyro follow up system out.

2010                Surfaced. Received word strike canceled. Will be held on 9th, weather permitting.


August 9,1945

0500                On lifeguard station.

0739                Submerged. No information on strike.

0850                Surfaced.

1007                Submerged.

1111                Surfaced. Heard boats on station south of us talking to their air cover. Received message stating Russia was also at war with Japan.

1200                Position.

                                    Lat.     41 38' N.

                                    Long.  143 08' E.

1232                Submerged.

1810                Surfaced.

1907                SD contact. No IFF. Aircraft contact #8. Submerged.

2013                Surfaced. ComSubPac said another strike scheduled for l0th.

2000-2300      Saw a number of what appeared to be gun flashes in vicinity of Erimo Saki.


August 10, 1945

0500                On lifeguard station.

0630                Heard boats in vicinity of yesterdays strike talking to air cover. Apparently hitting same spot again.

0732                Submerged.

0903                Surfaced. Nothing on radio, VHF, or 4475.

1017                Submerged.

1200                Position.

                                    Lat.     41 37' N.

                                    Long.  143 08' E.

2011                Surfaced.


August 11, 1945

                        Notified of no strike on 11th. Received new position for strikes on 12th and 13th.

0217                APR interference on 160 mgs. Band width and pulse rate same as reported Jap sub radar.

0223                APR interference suddenly stopped and did not reappear.

0225                Quick dive.

0227-0235      Heard about 8 or 10 pings at irregular intervals but could not get good bearing. No screws heard. It is believed that a Jap sub was in the vicinity. Apparently when he got strong interference from our SJ he dove and attempted to pick us up by sound. Nothing picked up by ST.

0528                Surfaced.

0650                Submerged.

1552                Surfaced.

1630                Submerged.

2004                Surfaced. Notified strike for 12th canceled due to approaching typhoon. Remained in vicinity of lifeguard station.


August 12, l945

0515                Submerged.

1200                Position.

                                    Lat.     41 47' N.

                                    Long.  144 00' E.

2200                Surfaced.


August 13, 1945

                        Notified we would not be needed today for lifeguard.

0517                Submerged.

1200                Position.

                                    Let.     41 50' N.

                                    Long.  143 53' E.

2000                Surfaced.

2145                Submerged object struck QB sound head. The jar was heard but not felt. QP will not rig in completely, lacking about 12 inches.


August 14, 1945

0507                Submerged.

1200                Position.

                                    Lat.     41 50' N.

                                    Long.  143 57' E.

1355                Surfaced.

1415                Submerged.

1955                Surfaced.


August 15, 1945

0505                Quick dive.

1200                Position.

                                    Lat.     41 58' N.

                                    Long.  144 01' E.

1451                Surfaced. Heard over RB0 that President Truman had announced that the Japs surrendered.

1545                Submerged.

2001                Surfaced.

2145                Received ComSubPac serial 32 ordering the end of offensive action.

2300                Received message to go to area 2.


August l6, 1945

                        Proceeding area 2.

1130                APR interference on 98 mgs. Definitely a Jap plane and he appeared to be searching. Interference increased. Visibility about 4 miles.

1133                Quick dive.

1200                Position.

                                    Lat.     40 38' N.

                                    Long.  143 56' E.

1246                Surfaced.

1510                Entered area 2.

1640                Received message to remain in area one. Headed for area one.


August 17, 1945

0130                Sent Archer-Fish number 2 acknowledging serial 32. The Jap jamming was particularly bad..

0924                Submerged.

1200                Position.

                                    Lat.     40 55' N.

                                    Long.  143 54' E.

1714                Surfaced. The navigator obtained the first star fix in twelve days.


August 18, 1945

1200                Position.

                                    Lat.     41 24' N.

                                    Long.  144 25' E.

1341                Submerged.

2001                Surfaced.


August 19, 1945

0701                Quick dive.

1200                Position.

                                    Lat.     41 49' N.

                                    Long.  144 08' E.

1325                Sighted friendly sub on surface.

1335                Fired two smoke bombs and surfaced. Exchanged calls with Gato.

1400                Exchanged movies with Gato. Divided area 1. As we separated, we checked ST radar. Pip was lost at 18,000 yards.

1445                Submerged.

1952                Surfaced.


August 20, 1945

0530                Quick dive.

1200                Position.

                                    Lat.     40 28' N.

                                    Long.  144 15' E.

1445                Surfaced.

1627                Submerged.

1945                Surfaced.


August 21, 1945

0525                Quick dive.

1200                Position.

                                    Lat.     41 42' N.

                                    Long.  143 54' E.

1410                Surfaced. Forward stub mast for port antennae had carried away.

1431                Submerged.

1947                Surfaced. Rigged spare antennae.


August 22, 1945

0522                Quick dive.

0838                Surfaced.

0952                Submerged.

1200                Position.

                                    Lat.     40 30' N.

                                    Long.  143 48' E.

1950                Surfaced.

2215                Received ComSubPac message directing rendezvous with Runner and others on 28th.

2300                Sent acknowledgment.


August 23, 1945

0556                Submerged.

1200                Position.

                                    Lat.     41 36' N.

                                    Long.  144 25' E.

1855                Surfaced.

0535                Submerged.

1200                Position.

                                    Lat.     40 28' N.

                                    Long.  144 14' E.

1303                Surfaced.

1329                Quick dive.

1943                Surfaced.


August 25, 1945

0522                Quick dive.

1200                Position.

                                    Lat.     41 26' N.

                                    Long.  143 43' E.

1415                Surfaced.

1430                Submerged.

1946                Surfaced.




August 26, 1945

0410                Started receiving strong APR signals on 200-205-230 mgcs. Assumed to be friendly task force.

0605                First SD contact. Until 1115 we had numerous SD contacts. All had IFF. None sighted due to low complete overcast. When planes approached closer than five miles we opened up on VHF which established communication rapidly in every case.

1100                APR signals very weak or gone entirely.

1120                Submerged.

1200                Position.

                                    Lat.     41 53' N.

                                    Long.  143 44' E.

1943                Surfaced.

2200                Received message delaying rendezvous on 28th for 49 hours. Also made us a unit of “Bennys Peacemakers.”


August 27, 1945

0608                Quick dive.

1200                Position.

                                    Lat.     41 33' N.

                                    Long.  143 45' E.

1323                Surfaced.

1349                Submerged.

1945                Surfaced.


August 28, 1945

0526                Quick dive.

0925                Surfaced.

0952                Submerged.

1200                Position.

                                    Lat.     40 23' N.

                                    Long.  143 54' E.

1938                Surfaced.


August 29, 1945

0535                Quick dive.

1200                Position.

                                    Lat.     40 57' N.

                                    Long.  143 51' E.

1357                Surfaced.

1446                Quick dive.

1935                Surfaced.

2200                Departed area 1 for rendezvous with Bennys Peacemakers.


August 30, 1945

0530                Exchanged call with Cavalla.

0900                Sighted floating mine. Holed mine with several 50 cal. and 30 cal. hits but it would not sink or explode.

0925                Sighted and closed Runner.


1000-1200 (K) Rendezvoused with remainder of Bennys Peacemakers and DD Maddox.

1200                Position.

                                    Lat.     37 51' N.

                                    Long.  143 20' E.

1230                In formation heading for Tokyo.


August 31, 1945

                        Sighted several friendly ships outside Tokyo Bay and during entrance.

1130                Moored alongside U.S.S. Proteus with Bennys Peacemakers and in company with U.S.S. Missouri and other units of U.S. Fleet.


September 1, 1945

                        In Tokyo Bay.


September 2, 1945

                        In Tokyo Bay during surrender of Japanese forces aboard U.S.S. Missouri.


September 3, 1945

0824 (K)         Underway from alongside Proteus. Formed up with 10 other submarines en route Pearl Harbor. Runner, officer in tactical command, and guide. Captain E.C. Hawk, passenger, aboard Archer-Fish.


September 4, 1945

1200                Position.

                                    Lat.     33 31' N.

                                    Long.  146 54' E.


September 5, 1945

1200                Position.

                                    Lat.     32 27' N.

                                    Long.  154 15' E.


September 6, 1945

1200                Position.

                                    Lat.     31 11' N.

                                    Long.  161 12' E.


September 7, 1945

1200                Position.

                                    Lat.     29 48' N.

                                    Long.  168 29' E.


September 8, 1945

1200                Position.

                                    Lat.     28 34' N.

                                    Long. 174 56' E.


September 8, 1945 (West Long. date)

1200                Position.

                                    Lat.     27 10' N.

                                    Long.  178 27' W.


September 9, 1945

1200                Position.

                                    Lat.     24 10' N.

                                    Long.  173 54' W.


September 10, 1945

1200                Position.

                                    Lat.     22 16' N.

                                    Long.  168 17' W.


September 11, 1945

1200                Position.

                                    Lat.     21 09' N.

                                    Long.  162 27' W.


September 12, 1945

0903                Passed Pearl Harbor entrance buoys.



Weather:

• The weather on this patrol east of Honshu and south of Hokkaido was marked be dense fog banks and force one winds and seas. Sun and stars were hard to find, especially during the early morning hours. Prevailing winds and currents were found to be as marked on the charts.



Tidal Information:

• None



Navigational Aids:

• No lights were observed to be lighted on this patrol although when close to Erimo Saki the light house on that point was a good landmark. The high mountain peaks of Hokkaido wee easily identified both by sight and by radar to give good navigational fixes.



Ship Contacts:

• None



Aircraft Contacts:

• Since this vessel was not subjected to aircraft attack during this patrol nothing can be said as to the trend of enemy action in attack. However, it was noted that most Sugar Dog radar and visual plane contacts were preceded by A.P.R. contacts. These contacts consistently indicated a plane radar frequency of 155 megacycles with a pulse rate of 759 pulses per second. The pulse width was 10 microseconds. The few visual contacts afforded little opportunity to study type of plane in general use. It was noted however, that the planes all traveled at a moderate altitude of 1500 to 2000 feet.



Attack Data:

• None



Mines:

• None



Anti Submarine Measures and Evasion Tactics:

• None



Major Defects:

• Hull and Machinery

  1. Air conditioning system very unsatisfactory since accomplishment of ShipAlt SS259K-25 by Hunters Point during Navy Yard overhaul. Recommend coil for booster blower, 10 hp motors for compressors, and larger supply and return lines from compressors to coils.


 2. Bow buoyancy vent will not close hydraulically. Checked topside linkage and entered tank twice while on patrol. tart of trouble is that yoke in linkage jammed open. However, suspect major trouble is in hydraulic piston of vent.


  3. #2 IMO plant out of commission due to badly scored piston on by-pass valve. .Valve assembly becomes cocked in partially opened position so that pump is both charging and recirculating at the same time. Flow of oil is restricted, however, so that both pump and oil temperatures become excessively high.


  4. Port sound shaft is completely filled with hydraulic oil as a result of leak in hydraulic piston although location of leak is undetermined. Oil saturated leads to head plus possible oil inside head put both QC and JK out of commission.



Ordnance and Gunnery:

• None



Radio:

1. Material:

 • The major materiel casualty experienced was failure of SCR-624 (VHF equipment). Considerable difficulty was had in effecting repair because no instruction book, schematic diagrams, or spare parts were provided. However, a temporary repair was made which put the equipment back in operation. Keying of the SD-5 aircraft radar blocked out completely the signals of the SCR-624 (VHF equipment).
  • The RBS-1 high frequency receiver, which was installed just prior to departure on patrol, was found to give excellent performance and was used continuously throughout the patrol.
  • Performance of the RBH-2 high frequency receiver was very poor; audio output volume was definitely below par although no defects were found when it was checked in the radio shop aboard the U.S.S. Orion.
  • The forward port stub mast supporting the port antenna carried away at the weld to the deck while the ship was submerged. This antenna was replaced with a midship antenna running from the forward centerline stub-mast to shears of #1 periscope.


  2. Skeds:

      • All frequencies were found to be unusually good. West of Pearl Harbor the higher frequencies (13655 kcs. and 16730 kcs.) were used almost exclusively both day and night until west of Saipan. In patrol area it was necessary to shift to a lower frequency (9090 kcs. or 6045) for only a short time during the night.


  3. Ship-Shore:

      • No difficulty was experienced in communicating with radio Guam except that immediately after the Japanese surrender when the circuit was busy, some delay was experienced while waiting for other ships to transmit messages. Either 8470 kcs or 4235 kcs were used for all transmissions, both frequencies s being good.



Radar:

1. The radar performance during this run has been highly satisfactory.


2. Minor difficulties such as faulty tubes and blown out fuses were experienced, and in every case, the replacement of these cleared the trouble. One outstanding difficulty was experienced with the SD radar mast. The sweep on the indicator scope became unstable, and it was impossible to rectify the trouble by any transmitter adjustments . The trouble was finally traced to a flooded SD radar mast. The trouble was cleared after the water was drained, and. the mast dried out. It was discovered that on deep dives the mast took in water, and it was, therefore, necessary to limit the depth of the dives if further use of the SD was desired.


  3. This was our first experience with the SD-5 radar, the results far surpassed those of the SD-4 which was on board during the other runs. Coming into Saipan, plane contacts out to seventy (70) miles were obtained, and while on lifeguard duty friendly bombers were picked up at twenty (20) to fifty (50) miles.


  4. Also on board for the first time was the ST radar. Outside of a faulty crystal, no other difficulty was experienced. The ST was kept in a standby condition the greater part of the run, and it was discovered that the usual frequency drift was eliminated. At one time while on the surface, the U.S.S. Gato was followed out to 18,000 yards before ST contact was lost.


  5. During our overhaul. period, a hydraulic speed-shift was installed for the SJ antenna. This has proved to be highly unsatisfactory. This system is self enclosed with a control valve located by the hand train wheel above the PPI scope. Due to hydraulic oil leakage, a great deal of difficulty was experienced in meshing the proper gears when shifting from hand to power train and vice-versa. Gaskets were replaced, and the system was refilled with hydraulic oil, a number of times, and still the difficulty persists. As a remedy a small volume tank with air pressure is suggested to maintain a solid column of oil throughout the system.


  6. Also installed during the overhaul period was an SJ antenna counterbalance. The whip-action induced in the SJ antenna during heavy seas was reduced considerably thereby reducing the wear and tear on the training system as a whole.



Sonar Gear and Sound Conditions:

• The greatest difficulty by far was experienced with the sound gear. The difficulties were not electronic but mechanical and cabling. Open circuits in the leads from both sound heads were numerous, and the casting on the sound-head shafts threatened to drop off completely. Open leads inside both sound-heads shafts were directly due to the castings becoming unseated. In order to repair the QB it was necessary to secure the sound head shaft with a chain fall, and remove the casting completely to retrieve the leads to the QB sound head. The QC-JK sound gear is completely out of commission because of the shaft being flooded with hydraulic oil. The sound conditions were ideally suited for evasion tactics, but highly unsuited for offensive action. Negative gradients made their appearance generally at sixty-five feet with a temperature change of about fifteen degrees down to one hundred feet with further decrease at greater depths.



Density Layers:

• In general, radical negative temperature gradients were found between periscope depth and 400 feet. Some examples of cards made on morning trim dive are as follows:


                  August 1 - Surface temperature 70

                                    Temperature at 250' 37

                                    Temperature remaining

                                    approximately the same to 400'

                                    Lat. 39 10' N Long. l43 - 30? E


                  August 4 - Surface temperature 66

                                    Temperature at 250' 36

                                    Temperature at 400' 40

                                    Lat. 40 51' N 143 33' E


• During the last weeks of the patrol off the South-Eastern tip of Hokkaido a changing gradient was encountered at periscope depth which ranged from 70 to 50 at 100'. At times at periscope depth the temperature would change 10 to 15 in a matter of minutes causing the diving officer to pump or flood 2000 to 5000 pounds to hold his trim. In most cases the Bathythermograph was helpful to the diving officer in determining the necessary amount to flood or pump.



Health, Food, and Habitability:

• The health of the crew in general has been excellent. There have been a minimum amount of fungus infections, small lacerations, furuncles, etc. Due to the removal of the air conditioning unit in the forward battery compartment during the recent Navy Yard Overhaul the average temperature has been too high in the boat. A series of tests in warm waters showed following temperatures: After Battery 90 F, Control Room 93 F, Forward Battery 90 F with the average injection being 84 F. A booster blower has been installed in the control room to force air forward. This has not proved satisfactory. It is uncomfortably warm in both battery compartments causing loss of sleep and numerous cases of “Prickly Heat.” The ship is in a sanitary condition. Storerooms, cool box, freeze box, galley and sleeping spaces are inspected frequently and kept in a clean and sanitary condition.



Personnal:

(a)       Number of men detached after previous patrol                     23

(b)       Number of men on. board during patrol                               80

(c)       Number of men qualified at start of patrol                            58

(d)       Number of men qualified at end of patrol                             62

(e)       Number of unqualified men making their first patrol              13


• The state of training and performance of duty of the crew end officers was above average on this patrol. The new men received aboard from Adv. Training & Relief Crew #3 were found to have been well drilled in the fundamental requirements for lookouts and helmsmen.



Miles Steamed - Fuel Used:

            Pearl Harbor to Saipan                       3918 miles     42,420 gallons.

            Saipan to Area                                   2521 miles      27,770 gallons.

            In area                                               3807 miles      29,650 gallons.

            Area to Tokyo Bay                              503 miles        7,000 gallons.

            Tokyo Bay to Pearl Harbor                3476 miles      42,000 gallons.



Duration:

            Days en route Pearl Harbor to Saipan            12 days

            Days en route Saipan to area                           9 days

            Days in area.                                                 27 days

            Days en route area to Tokyo Bay                    2 days

            Days en route Tokyo Bay to Pearl Harbor      9 days.

            Days submerged                                            25 days.



Factors of Endurence Remaning:

            Torpedoes                   25

            Fuel

            Provisions                    15 days

            Personel Factor            Not known


• Limiting factor this patrol - Surrender of enemy.



Communications, Radar, and Sonar Counter Measures:

  1. Radar Countermeasures.

      • No radar jamming was experienced. APR contacts were numerous and they were as follows:


Dates Position Characteristics

7-27-45                        28 59' N                   119/180/12

                                    139 30' E

                                        “ ” “                         200/150/10

                                        “ ” “                         185/250/20

7/28/45                         33 45' N                   150/ - /15

                                    139 40' E

7/29/45                         34 43' N                    76/250/12

                                    141 39' E                    103/500/10

                                                                         108/250/13

                                                                         110/600/ -

7/30/45                         34 00' N                     230/ - /8

                                    142 10' E



Dates Position Characteristics

7/31/45                         33 35' N                    150/600/10

                                     l42 25' E                    109/600/14

                                                                        103/ - /25

                                                                        167/500/25

                                                                        150/250/10

8/1/45                            37 12' N                   75/750/13

                                     143 25' E                   80/550/10

                                                                         70/500/14

8/2/45                             39 10' N                   152/ - /8

                                      143 39' E

8/3/45                             40 48' N                    67/550/10

                                      143 36' E

    “                                       ” “                          73/500/15

    “                                       ” “                          156/500/12

    “                                       ” “                          102/500/ -

    “                                       ” “                          155/ - / -

8/4/45                           40 47' N                      157/500/15

                                    143 19' E

8/11/454                       41 45' N                      157/700/8

                                    143 30' E

8/26/45                        41 15' W                       200/ - /5

                                    143 53' E 

     “                                      ” “                           200/ - /5


  2. Communication Countermeasures.

      • No appreciable jamming was experienced except for one or two days after the Japanese surrender, at which time a strong Japanese short wave signal was heard on 16730 kcs. It made copying difficult for awhile because the signal from NPM was weak and no signals could be heard on other sked frequencies. Japanese short wave signals were heard almost continuously on all Safplan frequencies, lifeguard frequency, and Air-Sea Rescue frequencies, (4475 kcs, 3310 kcs). On 4475 kcs. strong Japanese short wave signals made voice communications with aircraft difficult at times. Only short wave jamming signals were heard until several days after Japanese surrender, at which time strong Japanese voice was heard on Safplan frequencies at times. No modulated signals other than voice were heard.


Remarks:

• This patrol did not prove as productive as was desired, most of the time in the area being after the cease firing order, but it proved to be most interesting with the trip to Tokyo Bay and being present during the Japanese surrender.


• It is hoped that due recognition for aiding in such a large manner for the successful completion of this war will be given the scientists who gave us many important instruments, and to the Reserves, both officer and enlisted, who have done such fine work.

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FIRST ENDORSEMENT

SUIBMARINE DIVISION 102

FB5-102/A16-3                                                                                  Care of Fleet Post Office

                                                                                                            San Francisco, California,

Serial 0131                                                                                          13 September 1945.


C-O-N-F-I-D-E-N-T-I-A-L


FIRST ENDORSEMENT to

CO, USS ARCHER-FISH (SS-311)

Conf. Ltr. SS3311/A16-3 of

12 September 1945.

From :             The Commander Submarine Division ONE HUNDRED TW0.

To :                 The Commander-in-Chief, United States Fleet.

                        (1) The Commander Submarine Squadron TEN.

                        (2) The Commander Submarine Force, Pacific Fleet.

                        (3) The Commander-in-Chief, Pacific Fleet.

Subject:           U.S.S. ARCHER-FISH (SS-311) - Seventh War Patrol - Comments on.

            1.         The seventh war patrol of the U.S.S. ARCHER-FISH was conducted off the east coast of Honshu

and the south coast of Hokkaido. The patrol was of 64 days duration of which 27 days were spent in the area and

12 days spent en route to and from Tokyo Bay for the surrender ceremony. Offensive action however, was

terminated after ARCHER-FISH had spent only 18 days in area.

            2.         This patrol was primarily a lifeguard patrol but no opportunity for rescue was permitted, primarily

because no strikes were scheduled during ARCHER-FISH’S stay in area.

            3.         No enemy ship contacts were made by the ARCHER-FISH. One floating mine was sighted but for

some unknown reason failed to sink after being holed by several .50 caliber and .30 caliber hits. The apparent use of

radar by a Japanese submarine is noted.

            4.         The ARCHER-FISH arrived from patrol in an excellent state of cleanliness and good material condition. The trouble with the sound heads will be investigated and repaired during the coming refit in Pearl Harbor. Morale of crew was, of course, excellent.

            5.         The administrative division commander congratulates the officers and crew of the U.S.S. ARCHER-FISH upon the completion of this patrol and regrets that at this last minute there was no opportunity to inflict further damage upon the enemy He takes great pleasure in commending and congratulating the officers and crew of the ARCHER-FISH upon their splendid record achieved during seven war patrols against the Japanese.




                                                                                                            J. C. DEMPSEY.

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SECOND ENDORSEMENT

  SUBMARINE SQUADRON TEN 11/jhc


                                                                                                            Care of Fleet Post Office

                                                                                                            San Francisco, California.

FC5 - l0/A16-3                                                                                   16 September 1945.


Serial: ( 0302 )



CONFIDENTIAL



SECOND ENDORSEMENT to

U.S.S. ARCHERFISH (SS-311)

Report of War Patrol

Number Seven.


From:              The Commander Submarine Squadron TEN.

To:                  The Commander-in-Chief, United States Fleet.

Via.:                (1) The Commander Submarine Force, PACIFIC FLEET, Administration.

                       (2) The Commander-in-Chief, U.S. PACIFIC FLEET.


Subject:           U.S.S. ARCHERFISH (SS-311) - Report of War Patrol Number Seven

            1.         Forward, concurring in the remarks of the Commander Submarine Division ONE HUNDRED TWO.

            2.         The Squadron Commander congratulates the Commanding Officer, officers and crew of the U.S.S. ARCHERFISH upon the completion of that vessel’s Seventh War Patrol.





                                                                                                G. E. KITERSON.

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THIRD ENDORSEMENT

FF12-10(A)/A16-3(18) SUBMARINE FORCE, PACIFIC FLEET fy

Serial 02368                                                                                     Care of Fleet Post Office,

                                                                                                         San Francisco, California,

CONFIDENTIAL                                                                            25 September 1945

                                                                                                NOTE: THIS REPORT WILL BE

THIRD ENDORSEMENT                                                                  DESTROYED PRIOR TO

ARCHERFISH - Report of                                                                  ENTERING PATROL AREA.

Seventh War Patrol.


COMSUBSPAC PATROL REPORT NO. 919

U.S.S. ARCHERFISH SEVENTH WAR PATROL.

From:              The Commander Submarine Force, Pacific Fleet.

To :                 The Commander in Chief, United States Fleet.

Via :                The Commander in Chief, U. S. Pacific Fleet.


Subject:           U.S.S. ARCHERFISH (SS-311) - Report of Seventh War Patrol.

                       (10 July to 12 September 1945).

            1.         The seventh war patrol of the U.S.S. ARCHERFISH, under the command of Commander

J. F. Enright, U.S. Navy, was conducted in the Nanpo Shoto area and off the northeast coast of Honshu. The

primary mission of this patrol was lifeguard duty.

            2.         Hostilities with Japan were terminated eighteen days after ARCHERFISH arrived in her assigned

patrol area. No enemy shipping was sighted on this patrol. There were no opportunities to rescue aviation personnel.

ARCHERFISH was one of the eleven U.S. submarines which joined units of the Third Fleet and was present in

Tokyo Bay during the official surrender of the Japanese Government.

            3.         Award of Submarine Combat Insignia for this patrol is not authorized.

            4.         The Commander Submarine Force, Pacific Fleet, congratulates the commanding officer, officers, and

crew of the ARCHERFISH for the completion of this patrol.



                                                                                    G.C. CRAWFORD,

                                                                                    Chief of Staff.


DISTRIBUTION:

(Complete Reports)

Cominch                     (7)           Comsopac                              (2)        All Squadron and Div.

CNO                          (5)           Comswespac                          (1)        Commanders, Pacific         (2)

Cincpac                      (6)           Comsubs7thFlt (Fwd Echelon)(2)        ComSubOpTraGr (airmail) (5)

CICPOA                    (1)           Comsubs7thFlt (Rear Echelon)(2)        Substrainpac                      (2)

Comservpac                (1)           Comnorpac                             (1)        All Submarines, Pacific      (1)

Cinclant                       (1)           Comsubspac                           (3)

Comsubslant                (8)           ComsubspacAdComd             (20)

S/M School, NL          (2)           SUEAD, MI                            (2)                E. L. HAYNES, 2nd.

CO, S/M Base, PH     (1)           ComsubspacSubordcom          (3)                Flag Secretary

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SAILING LIST

SEVENTH WAR PATROL

Joseph Francis ENRIGHT, Commander, USN

Davis Eli BUNTING, Lieutenant, USN

Paul Abraham NEWLOVE, Lieutenant, USNR

Joseph Jasper BOSZA, Lieutenant (jg), USNR

James Mathew THORNTON, Lieutenant (jg), USNR

Gordon Eugene CROSBY, Jr., Lieutenant (ig), USNR

Justin Clark DYGERT, Lieutenant (ig), USNR

William Haxton CASSADY, Jr., Lieutenant (jg), USNR

John Jerold NORMAN, Lieutenant (jg), USNR

Lawrence George BERNARD, Lieut-Comdr., USN

 
AUGUST, John Frederick, MoMM3c, USNR

BARTON, Harvey Buell, EM1c, USNR

BECKER, Robert Clayton, TM3c, USN

BROWN, William Allen, StMlc, USN

BROWN, Paul Tappan, F1c, USNR

BYRNES, Cletus Arthur, S1c, USNR

CARNAHAN, Eugene Earl, CY, USN

CARNIFAX, Thomas Henry, EM2c, USNR

CARTER, Leo Allen, Jr., CPhM, USN

COLE, Dermot Josepb, QM2c, USN

CONK, Gerard James, EM2c, USNR

COSTIK, Edward Paul, F1c, USNR

CRAFT, Robert Charles, QM2c, USNR

DADDIS, Edgar Joseph, S1c, USNR

DEISS, Donald Albert, S1c, USNR

DeSOLA, Ben Hoeb, EM2c, USNR

DOLAN, James Carl, TM3c, USNR

DUNN, Howard Ashley, Jr., RT1c, USNR

FEELEY, Francis Xavier, S1c, USN

FISCUS, Ralph Walter, CTM, USN

FORD, Garland Thomas, CGM, USN

FOTHERGILL, Robert Elmer, RM3c, USNR

FULLER, Marteen William, TM3c, USNR

FULLER, William Marlin, S1c, USNR

FULLER, Robert Henry, S1c, USNR

GERARD, Albert Jackson, FCS3c, USNR

GRANDIN, Edward Gustave, MoMM2c, USNR

HALL, Johnnie Leo, EM3c, USNR

HARRIS, William Elvon, EM3c, USNR

HEALEY, John Patrick, Bkr1c, USN

HUNT, Robert DeEarI, S1c, USNR

JOHNSON, Paul Edwin, Flc, USNR

KRAMER, Dewight Francis, EM3c, USNR

LEFEBVRE, Gerald Alfred, RM2c, USNR

LEWIS, Jack Wilson, S1c, USN

LEWIS, William Virnest, StM2c, USNR

LIPPACHER, Robert Frank, RM2c, USNR

LUBECK, Ernest Howard, MoMM2c, USNR

LUNA, Amenico, CMoMM, USN

  MALONE, James, StM2c, USNR

MAYHEW, Wilbur Wesley, TM1c, USNR

McCOMBS, James Luther, S1c, USNR

McMAHON, Edward Charles, EM2c, USNR

McLAUGHLIN, Charles Francis, Jr., MoMM1c, USN

MEYER, Hugh Edward, RT3c, USNR

MYERS, Earl Edgar, RT2c, USNR

NELSON, Billy George, TM5c, USNR

NOROOS, Olaf, EMtc, USNR

O’KEEFE, Westley John, S1c, USNR

PARKER, Jack Richard, Flc, USNR

PARSONS, Lester, Flc, USNR

PICCHI, Henry, MoMM3c, USN

PITTMAN, James Vester, S1c, USNR

POTANOVIC, John Francis, MoMM2c, USN

ROGERS, James Robert, SC1c, USN

ROUNTREE, "J" "W" Kent, TME3c, USNR

SCHWARTZ, Frank Joseph, Flc, USNR

SIMPSON, Gerald Park, S1c, USNR

SPRIET, Edwin Albert, F1c, USNR

STEULLET, Freder1ck Thomas, CMoMM, USN

STEWART, Irwin Grant, S1c, USN

SYKES, William Lewis, QM1c, USN

VALENTINE, Elgin R1chard, EM2c, USN

VERZWYVELT, Anthony Everist, MoMM3c, USN

WACHTOR, Joseph M1chael, GM2c, USNR

WALSH, Thomas Joseph, S1c, USNR

WARD, Emory Dan, GM3c, USNR

WELLS, Charles Neal, MoMM1c, USNR

WELLS, Lowell Earnest, TM2c, USNR

WHALEN, Thomas William, MoMM1c, USNR

WHEELER, Charles Gribble, CRM, USNR

WHITE, Robert, EM1c, USNR

WILKEN, Carl Anthony, M0MM1c, USNR

WILL, Alfred Irving, MoMM2c, USNR

WILSON, Norman Jay, FCS3c, USNR

YOTTER, Carl Norman, TM2c, USNR

ZEIDERS, Myron Winey, S1c, USNR

ZYCH, Henry Joseph, MoMMlc, USN

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